equity

Some bias is evident when ticketing speeders in Burlington, Vermont

By Michael Brenneis The negative safety effects of speeding are well established. The enforcement of speed limits is justified to reduce crashes. But does officer discretion when giving tickets result in bias against one group or another? The results of an analysis of speeding stops in

Transit-oriented development, VMT, and induced gentrification

By Saumya Jain In the last two decades, transit-oriented development (TOD) has become more than just a “jargony buzz phrase” and has caused the housing market to explode near transit hubs. Many cities are focusing their future development plans around transit connectivity, encouraging people

Los Angeles and San Francisco using data to target Vision Zero efforts

By Robbie Webber As cities commit to Vision Zero, they have started to examine intersections and roadway segments with high crash rates, serious injuries, and fatalities to pedestrians. What they have found is that a small percent of roadways account for a large portion of serious crashes. And

Study: Carlessness drives incomes down

By Chet Edelman New York City has its share of income disparity problems. However, in terms of transportation, at least parts of New York stand out as places that live up to the idea of providing equity through multimodal choice. A new paper by David King of Arizona State University and two

Can road pricing be used to make LA’s transportation system more equitable?

By Rayla Bellis California nonprofit TransForm and the Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC) recently released a new report and toolkit with guidance for bringing equity into the implementation of congestion pricing. While conversations about congestion pricing and equity often focus on

The cost and inequity of children’s access to opportunity

By Michael Brenneis Housing and transportation are the two biggest expenses for average households in the United States, and geographic location has a significant impact on these costs. But living in areas with affordable housing and transportation is not enough to assure that children will

Do mileage-based congestion fees hit low-income drivers harder?

By Chet Edelman While there is mounting evidence that demand-based pricing—or congestion tolling—can more efficiently manage highway use, serious concerns continue to arise regarding the system’s disproportionate impacts on low-income drivers. However, a recent study by researchers at

Among other barriers, low-wage workers face discrimination based on commute distance

By Michael Brenneis Along with lack of access to transportation options in areas outside the urban core, low-wage workers also face another obstacle in finding work. Discrimination by commute distance is significant when applying for low-wage jobs, concludes a new study. Affluence and long

Cities need to move carefully to get TNC benefits

By Brian Lutenegger A new report examines existing research and new data on the impact of Transportation Network Companies (TNCs) like Uber and Lyft on U.S. cities. TNCs can have negative impacts on urban areas by contributing to traffic congestion—but, if planned and regulated properly, can

TNC revolution may improve access for low-income communities

By Michael Brenneis New research by Anne Brown finds that transportation network companies (TNCs) are invading auto-access deserts, serving disadvantaged lower-income populations, and offering an alternative to the historically discriminatory taxi industry. By studying data provided by Lyft for