The Scorecard below shows data and tools (vertical axis) that can be used to measure indicators of economic impact (horizontal axis) for transportation projects.
Each cell shows how well a category of tools applies to an indicator type. Click on a cell on each axis to expand it and display examples within each category. See the The Scorecard Guide for more information.
All Types | Primary Data | Purpose - Focused | Traffic Engineering and Performance Based | Travel Demand | Regional Economic Activity | Community of Practice
All Types | Geography | System Performance | Benefit-Cost and Cost Effectiveness | Regional Economic Development | Livability
Decision Support Information and Tools
Data and information without interpretation applied to it.
1. Demographic, economic and employment surveys and analysis of the Bureau of the Census, Bureau of Economic Analysis, and Bureau of Labor Statistics;
2. Financial and related data including bankruptcy information and employment and property tax information at state and local levels;
3. National transportation databases on accident and injury, freight shipments, auto ownership, and other transport issues; and
4. State, regional, and local plans for economic development, land use, and transportation.
Data and modeled results that focus on specific transportation questions.
Demographic, environmental, and economic information from:
Various household surveys; NEPA social and economic analyses; State and MPO air quality modeling, long range and special plans; state, county, and local economic development and land use forecasts; aggregated GPS data; geographic data; and connectivity and accessibility indices.
Traffic Engineering and Performance Based
Models and capacity manual tools in use in transportation agencies are included in these approaches.
Includes models and tools that project or measure travel and its causes and effects.
1. Urban and rural highway demand for freight and passenger travel;
2. Travel related benefits such as time savings and reliability.
3. Urban and intercity transit ridership;
4. Land use and development;
5. Activity based travel demand;
6. Integrated land use and transportation (also economic) demand; and
Regional Economic Activity
Analytical tools used to predict the regional economic impacts of transportation investments including changes in:
1. Employment, industry activity, and economic demand;
2. Fiscal impacts such as property values;
3. Household and business costs and affordability; and
4. Livability impacts such as environment and health, land consumption, and walkability.
Community of Practice
Tools that derive from real-world experience and implementation.
Market analysis, collections of project evaluations and tools to organize data from such evaluations, and analysis of effect of transportation design standards on project performance.
Level of detail of area covered by tool or data.
Measures of efficiency and effectiveness of a project’s impact on the transportation network.
Benefit-Cost and Cost Effectiveness
Measures of whether a transportation project is economical in terms of the value received as compared to outlay or impact.
Regional Economic Development
Measures of transportation project’s impact on the economy of the surrounding area.
Measures of quality of life impacts of transportation project.
County or Higher
Disaggregates data to the county, state, or national level.
Local- Census Place
Disaggregates data to smaller than the county level—to incorporated areas including cities, towns, and villages.
GIS - Block, Parcel
Can be used as part of a geographic information system, or disaggregates data to a sub-city level.
System Performance and Condition
Efficiency, effectiveness of transportation network or state of good repair.
The transportation network’s usefulness.
Operational Effects (Financial)
System’s operational costs.
Travel Time Benefits – Passenger
Time spent traveling by drivers and passengers.
Travel Time Benefits – Freight
Cargo’s time spent in transport.
Safety (Accidents, Injuries)
Number or rate of accident and injuries.
Economic justice or relative financial well-being.
Time spent to travel to jobs.
Effect on budget of transportation agency or of area served by the transportation investment. Also includes loss of displaced residents or businesses and the impact on a community not receiving a transportation improvement whose residences or businesses relocate to the new site.
Short Term Employment Impacts
Jobs created in the construction phase or other temporary period.
Jobs in the region over the longer term, such as by an employer expanding in the region.
Induced Impacts & Second Order Effects
Jobs created as a result of additional spending by people or firms that receive direct economic benefits from a project.
Value Capture/Creation & Property Values
Market price of property in the region or other measure of value capture.
Healthfulness of air, water, and land.
Land Consumption/ Resource Use Intensity
Quantity and form of land and resource consumption.
Inducing or preventing well being and disease.
Walkability and Pedestrian Friendliness
Supportiveness and safety for walking.